Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor) is one of the most prominent “trademarks” of Berlin. Located at the west end of Mitte quarter it is the only remaining city gate, and also became a symbol of the division of the city, because it was situated in the “no-man’s land” just behind the wall (click on the images to enlarge).
The gate was commissioned by Friedrich Wilhelm II, and designed by Karl Gotthard Langhans. Johann Gottfried Schadow is responsible for the sculptures. Its main architectural design is the same as it was when it was first constructed, in 1791.
The Brandenburg Gate is crowned with a Quadriga (A two-wheeled chariot drawn by four horses) depicting the goddess of victory, “who brings peace”, marching into the city. The sandstone construction is based on the propylaeum (In ancient Greek architecture: a structure forming an entrance or gateway to a sacred enclosure) of the Acropolis in Athens.
The gate was a site of many events in German history. In 1806, Napoleon marched into Berlin and took the Quadriga to Paris. In 1814, after the Quadriga was brought back to Berlin, Schinkel replaced the oak wreath with an iron cross, changing the statue’s interpretation from peace to victory. In 1933, the Nazis marched through it in a martial torch parade. And in WW2, the gate and it’s surrounding buildings were heavily bombed.
After the decision of Berlin’s senate in 2003, the Brandenburg Gate remains closed for cars, cabs and busses.
The gate is located on Pariser Platz 1. You can get there by S-bahns S1, S2, S25 (Unter den Linden station), or bus 100, 200 (the sightseeing lines) and 248.
And here’s an interesting article I found about the gate.